Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a health condition that causes an irregular and rapid heartbeat, which can increase the risk of stroke, heart attack, and health related problems.
There are different symptoms of having AF such as chest pain, dizziness, feeling tired, shortness of breath, palpitations, nervousness, etc.
According to many big doctors, if you see any signs or symptoms of AF, then you should immediately go to the hospital, Specially if you feel chest pain So you should immediately get a checkup done by the doctor.
Because chest pain can be a sign of a heart attack, so if you feel restless, nervous and you have complain of chest pain, then you may have symptoms of AF.
So you should go to the hospital if you experience such symptoms, Apart from this, for the following reasons also you should go to the hospital and get yourself examined.
- If you are having difficulty in breathing or complaining of dizziness, then you must go to the hospital and get yourself examined.
- If you are having symptoms of Atrial fibrillation but the symptoms do not subside, you still need to go to the hospital.
- When you feel out of control or stressed. then you should go to the hospital.
- You are alone and there is no one around to help you monitor your symptoms.
If you are getting signs of any of the above, please do not delay and go to any nearby hospital as soon as possible and seek medical help.
AF can be treated through medication, apart from this it can also be treated by making some lifestyle changes and diet changes.
What is Atrial fibrillation (AF) and How to treat?
Atrial fibrillation stands for atrial fibrillation, which is a condition that causes the heart to beat fast and irregularly, increasing the risk of heart problems such as heart attack and stroke.
Treatment of AF depends on the cause, duration, and severity of the condition. The goals of treatment are:
- Controlling the speed of heartbeat is the first task in this.
- It is very important to prevent blood clotting as it can cause stroke.
- treat any underlying condition that may trigger or worsen AF.
Options for treating AF may include:
- Medicine Medication may be used to prevent blood clots, to control the heart rate, or to restore normal blood flow.
- Use non surgical procedures – such as electrical cardioversion or catheter ablation to control the heart rate or rhythm.
- To bring this down to normal levels, surgical procedures such as the labyrinth procedure are used or closure of the left atrial appendage, to create scar tissue or block blood flow that causes AF.
Which type of treatment is best for you depends entirely on your individual situation and preferences. You should discuss your date with the doctor. The doctor will advise you on the right treatment as per your need.
You should take Atrial fibrillation treatment as prescribed by your doctor. This is very important to reduce your risk of complications.
Along with this, you have to keep in mind that you must also make some lifestyle changes in your life like exercise, quit smoking, stop consuming alcohol, eat healthy food to stay healthy, reduce the intake of caffeine.
How can I prevent AF?
To avoid this, you have to work on very important lifestyle strategies because by making lifestyle changes, you can reduce the risk of Atrial fibrillation and treat yourself without medicines.
According to the American Heart Association, you need to focus on the following strategies which are related to lifestyle.
- To avoid its risk, you need to consult a doctor regularly as well as take medicines as prescribed by the doctor.
- Make a habit of eating healthy food, in which the amount of salt is less, the use of sugar should be minimized and fat and cholesterol should also be reduced.
- Quit smoking to avoid this problem because smoking is the main reason for this problem.
- To prevent yourself, you should keep doing physical activities regularly so that your weight is normal.
- Manage stress effectively and get enough sleep.
You should pay attention to any conditions and signs that may be causing Atrial fibrillation and worsening your condition.
For that you need to avoid these problems like thyroid sleep apnea heart related infections.
If you have a history of AF in your family, you should tell your doctor about it and keep up with your regular checkups.
What are some examples of healthy foods for AF?
Some examples of healthy foods for AF are:
- Dark green leafy vegetables – Dark green vegetables should be consumed as they are rich in nitrates which helps in smooth functioning of the blood vessels and is beneficial in maintaining normal blood flow.
- Fish – Consume fish such as salmon, sardines, herring, tuna or mackerel that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which help reduce inflammation and prevent blood clots.
- Fruits – Eat fruits such as berries, apples, oranges or grapes, etc. These contain antioxidant vitamins and fiber, which are effective in improving blood flow. They contain high amounts of antioxidants, vitamins and fiber, which may help lower blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Whole grains – Like oats, barley, quinoa or brown rice, fiber is available in good quantity in all these, so cholesterol can be controlled by consuming them.
- Olive oil – It is a healthy source of monounsaturated fat which helps in improving the physical inflammatory heart problems and keeping the heart healthy all the time.
- Nuts and seeds – Like almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts, flaxseed or chia seeds, these are all great sources of protein as well as providing fiber which improves blood flow.
What should you do not eat in AF?
You should also limit or avoid foods that can trigger or worsen AF, such as:
- Red meat – High amount of cholesterol is found in red meat, which works to promote heart diseases. That’s why its intake should be reduced.
- Processed foods – Such as lunch meat, fast food or chips etc., they contain high amounts of salt fat additives which can harm the heart.
- Baked goods and sugary foods and drinks – Such as cakes, cookies, candy or soda, they contain high amount of sugar over carbohydrate which causes obesity and increases the risk of diabetes and heart diseases.
- Alcohol and caffeine – Also reduce the intake of caffeinated substances as these are stimulants that reduce the rate of the heart. and can obstruct blood flow to the heart. Should limit to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men