Glaucoma or Cataract is an eye disease which can be very serious, due to which eyesight can also go away, that is why it is very important to identify the symptoms of this disease and treat it as soon as possible.
If anyone around you has glaucoma or you are facing this problem, then what treatments you can take have been told in this post, then read carefully these things can be very useful for you.
What is glaucoma?
This is a group of eye diseases that can damage your optic nerve and cause vision loss and blindness. There are different types of glaucoma, such as open-angle glaucoma.
Glaucoma – All possible treatments –
This eye problem is treated by reducing the pressure on the eye, for this surgery is the most useful, apart from this, you can also use medicines and traditional surgery for the treatment of glaucoma.
Which type of treatment you want to correct Glaucomas, completely depends on your personal wish. Some examples of treatment are given below-
1) Surgery :
There are different types of glaucoma’s surgery depending on the type and severity of 5is issue. Some common types are:
Laser surgery uses a beam of light to perform the treatment. In this method, beams of light are used to improve fluid drainage and reduce pressure on the eye.
There are different types of surgery for different types of glaucomas, such as trabeculoplasty, iridotomy, and cyclophotocoagulation. Laser surgery is usually performed in an office setting. It may be used as a first-line treatment, an alternative to medication, or an additional treatment to medication.
This is a traditional type of surgery. This surgery is usually used to cure open angle glaucoma.
Conventional surgery is used when medications and laser treatment have not been effective and laser surgery does not have a positive effect on the patient’s eye health.
Conventional surgery is usually used for the treatment of open angle glaukoma, it is explained in detail below.
Glaucoma implant surgery:
It is a variant of conventional surgery. It can be used to treat different types of glaucoma such as congenital glaucoma, neovascular glaucoma and traumatic glaucoma.
In this, a small tube or shunt is placed on the white part of the eye to perform the treatment, which is effective in draining out excess fluid and reducing eye pressure.
Glaucoma implant surgery is safe to do in hospital and implant surgery can usually be used when trabeculectomy fails or is not suitable.
Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS):
It is a new vision treatment that aims to lower eye pressure and speed up eye recovery with a low risk potential.
There are different types of MIGS, such as microstent, trabectom, canaloplasty and eyestain. MIGS may be suitable for people with mild glaucomma who wish to reduce or eliminate the need for medication.
Which type of surgery you should use to cure this eye problem completely depends on your health condition and preferences
Only your eye doctor can give you the right information about which type of surgery you should use and also get information from your doctor about the risks and possible side effects.
Medications to treat glaucoma’s problem include eye drops and oral pills that can help you with your treatment.
This treatment also treats the eyes by taking out the vitreous from the eyes, in which Eye stress can be corrected by reducing the pressure, the medicines for this are as follows –
Some common drugs are prostaglandins, beta blockers, alpha agonists, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and cholinergic agents.
This is an eye drop which helps to draw out the fluid from the eyes, if you use it, there may be a change in the color of the eyes, And there may be an increase in the hair of the eyelids, as well as some people also have irritation with its use.
These are eye drops that reduce the production of aqueous humor in the eye. Its use can cause these side effects – Low blood pressure, slow heart rate, fatigue and breathing problems are some examples of this drug betaxolol and timolol.
These are eye drops that stimulate reduced production of aqueous humor and increase outflow. These eye drops can cause dry mouth, fatigue, drowsiness, and allergic reactions. some examples apraclonidine.
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors:
Eye drops and tablets come in both forms which reduce the pressure by drawing out excess water from the eyes but using these can lead to some side effects.
Restlessness in the toes, kidney stones may occur, stomach upset, depression, tension, headache, dizziness, some examples of this medicine are dorzolamide, brinzolamide and acetazolamide.
Rho kinase inhibitors:
It is an eye drop which lowers eye pressure by relaxing the muscles in the trabecular meshwork and increasing the outflow of fluid. This can cause eye redness, stinging and corneal congestion.
Because This problem can be of different types, some glaucoma may require more than one medicine. In that case you are prescribed treatment with a combination of medicines.
Some examples are dorzolamide/timolol, brimonidine/timolol and latanoprostene bunod.
The best medicine for you to treat glaucoma depends on your individual condition i.e. depending on the type of glaucoma you are suffering from, you have to choose the medicine.
Your doctor can help you for this, he examines your eyes and tells you to use the right medicine.
3) Conventional surgery :
We talked about this surgery above in this post as well but we need to understand it in detail because it is an effective treatment for Glaucoma which works very well.
The treatment involves making a new hole that is under the eyelids to drain excess fluid from the eye and reduce the pressure.
The most common type of traditional surgery is trabeculectomy, which involves creating a flap in the sclera of the eye and a drainage hole beneath it. Other types of interventional surgery are tube shunt surgery, non-penetrating…
Let’s understand them in detail –
Trebeculectomy: This is the most common type of conventional surgery to treat glaucoma. This involves making a small hole at the top of eye, under the eyelid.
Trabeculectomy is usually performed in a hospital and the surgery takes less than an hour. It may be used when medication and laser surgery have not been effective or are not tolerated.
Glaucoma implant surgery: This is also a type of interventional surgery that we talked about above, which helps to drain out excess fluid and reduce eye pressure.
Non-penetrating surgery: In this traditional surgery, a full-thickness hole is not made in the eye, but the trabecular meshwork, or part of the sclera, is removed to improve fluid drainage.
This allows trabeculectos in non-penetrating surgery Has fewer side effects than ME, but may also be less effective at lowering eye pressure.
Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS): About this also we have understood above it is a new approach which aims to reduce eye pressure and recover faster with less risk and side effects.
How long does it take to recover from glaucoma implant surgery?
The recovery time of the eyes from glaucomas surgery and how well it affects the eyes all depend on your individual.
And to some extent it also depends on your doctor whether your doctor is giving you the right medicine after testing you or whether the doctor has advised you the right surgery or not.
Apart from this, there are different types of surgery, if you do any type of surgery, then you should keep in mind that for several weeks you have to use a good eye drop to prevent further swelling.
If implant surgery is done, it is done within 1 to 2 hours and is a very effective treatment.
Full recovery from glaucoma implant surgery can take two to six weeks or longer in some cases. During this time, you may experience some temporary side effects, such as:
- Blurry vision
- Sensitivity to light
Any surgeries you’ve had or medications you’re taking should have an effect on reducing the side effects in your eyes. If you’re still experiencing risks, talk to your doctor.
So these were the possible treatments for Glaucoma using which you can cure any type of Glaucoma and save your eyesight.
But before the treatment of Glaucoma, you should make sure that whether you have Glaucoma problem or not, you should get an eye test done first.
Because there is no exact cure for glaucoma, its treatment should not be delayed, the sooner you treat it, the better and you can keep your eyes safe, so do not delay, get treatment.